Types of caladium of the Araceae family offer a stunning array of vibrant colors and patterns that can transform any garden into an eye-catching oasis. In this post, we’ll explore some gorgeous caladium varieties you can add to your garden bed or container for a pop of colorful foliage all season long.

Vibrant Caladium Plant America

Caladiums thrive in shaded gardens and potted arrangements, letting their colorful heart-shaped leaves take center stage for months. So if you’re looking for low-maintenance plants that will brighten up dull corners, keep reading!

13 Types of Caladium Varieties to Light Up Your Garden

1. Aaron

Aaron Heart Shaped Leaves Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Pointed tip
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Fungus

The ‘Aaron’ caladium has stunning deep burgundy heart-shaped leaves with dark red veins. Its petioles are burgundy and often have hints of green towards the base. The thick, waxy leaves help reduce water loss, enabling ‘Aaron’ to thrive in high humidity conditions. ‘Aaron’ prefers partial to full shade and rich, well-draining soil that is consistently kept moist but not waterlogged.

It appreciates regular watering during dry periods and benefits from mulching to conserve soil moisture. Leaf miners can be an issue, where insect larvae burrow between the leaf surfaces, leaving visible tunnels. Various fungal issues like leaf spot and anthracnose can also develop if conditions are not ideal. Providing adequate air circulation, keeping the soil moist but well-draining, and removing infected leaves help minimize such problems.

2. Bubblegum Pink

Colourful Bubblegum Pink Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Pointed tips
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Anthracnose

The bubblegum pink caladium is a lively cultivar within the Caladium genus of colorful foliage plants native to tropical regions of South America. As an herbaceous perennial, it earns its common name ‘angel wings’ from heart-shaped leaves emerging in vivid shades each spring and summer.

When newly unfurled from underground corms, leaves of the bubblegum pink variety display bright magenta tones resembling its namesake confection. As they mature over the growing season, leaves expand up to 8 inches wide, darkening to a true bubblegum pink hue. Dense clumps quickly spread one to three feet wide, their leaf clusters and hues brightening shaded gardens or indoor spaces.

Vein patterns within each leaf often feature accents of deeper pink or red for visual interest and contrast. Along fleshy stems rising one to two feet tall, inconspicuous flower spikes of tiny white or light pink blooms appear, though caladiums are grown primarily as foliage specimens.

These tropical beauties thrive best in partial shade with consistently moist, rich soil that drains quickly. Ideal temperatures range 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit. With their vivid shades and eye-catching foliage, bubblegum pink caladiums establish exciting accents when massed alongside coleus, impatiens and other shade perennials in gardens, planters or green walls.

Their lively foliage also translates beautifully indoors on patios, porches or home interiors. No other caladium cultivar so accurately evokes the sugary pop of color and nostalgia for which it’s named. Bubblegum pink caladiums are sure to spark smiles with their tropic charm all season long. 

3. Florida Strawberry Star

Florida Strawberry Star In A Pot Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Central lobes
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Anthracnose

The Florida Strawberry Star is a delicate wildflower native to pine savannas, scrublands and coastal areas of Florida and the Gulf Coast. Scientifically named Luculia gratissima, it blooms profusely from spring through fall, covering sandy soils with a carnival of color.

Low-growing clumps of grass-like foliage spread gently outward from underground rhizomes. Dark green leaves are slender and pointed, arranged alternately along wiry stems that reach heights between six-24 inches. 

But it is the dazzling blooms that truly capture attention, appearing singularly atop thin stalks all along the stems. Each star-shaped flower measures one to two inches wide with five pinkish-white petals curiously resembling tiny strawberries. Blooms may vary in hue from creamy white to light apricot depending on subspecies.

At the delicate petals’ centers sit prominent yellow stamens, creating an eye-catching visual pop among leaves and berries alike. Following pollination by native bees, diminutive red berries develop where blooms once were – also evoking the plant’s common name.

Ideal habitat resembles the dry, sandy pinelands the plant calls home. Well-draining, acidic soil in full sun best mimics conditions for profuse blooming spring through fall. Though dainty in appearance, Florida Strawberry Stars thrive naturally across fire-dependent scrub and prairies.

Adapting via underground tubers and wind-dispersed berries, Luculia gratissima persist through frequent fire cycles that clear competition. Today carefully-planned prescribed burns remain crucial to their preservation, alongside pollinator-friendly gardening and conservation of remaining native habitats.

Beyond its ecological role, the charming Florida Strawberry Star brings joy to human admirers with each delicate bloom and berry resembling pink stars or strawberry ornaments amid greenery. Their seasonal dance across placid landscapes never fails to evoke wonder and nostalgia. 

4. White Caladium

White Caladium Beauty Of Home Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Wavy margins
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Fungus, Root rot

The White Wedding caladium has large heart-shaped leaves splashed in pure white with minimal green veining. As they mature, the leaves become completely white with faint residual veining. White Wedding thrives in partially shaded areas with rich, consistently moist soil. It appreciates regular watering to prevent tissue collapse and wilting.

Various fungal issues and root rots can sometimes develop if conditions are not optimal. Providing good airflow, keeping the soil moist yet well-draining, and removing infected leaves help avoid pest and disease pressures. The white foliage of White Wedding makes it an elegant caladium variety for bringing stark contrasts of light and shadow to shaded gardens and container displays.

5. Red Flash

Red Flash Glossy Leaves Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Slightly wavy edges
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Anthracnose

The Red Flash caladium cultivar produces some of the most vivid and intense foliage found in any Caladium. Native to tropical regions of South America, caladiums are prized ornamental perennials grown for their colorful heart-shaped leaves.

Red Flash leaves emerge from underground corms with a truly electric shade of crimson red, as if lit internally. Some consider it the brightest red among caladium varieties, a trait which earned this cultivar its name. Leaf shades remain quite saturated all season.

Growing in dense clumps up to two feet tall and wide, Red Flash produces abundant foliage perfect for Bedding plant displays or as accents paired with lighter plants. Individual leaves reach six inches long by nearly as wide, perfectly framed by contrasting pinkish veins. 

Along thick green stems, small clusters of pinkish-white spathes appear sporadically bearing insignificant flowers, as caladiums are valued for foliage alone. But what foliage it is – a visual rush like no other garden plant.

For maximal reddish displays, Red Flash thrives in partial or full shade with rich, consistently moist soil that drains freely. Ideal temperatures range 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit. With protection from overly wet roots or roots exposed to direct sun rays, foliage color remains most saturated all season. 

After summer’s first frosts end its growing season, tubers are lifted and stored indoors to resprout next spring. Regrowth is excitingly rapid once temperatures warm, often outperforming less saturated cultivars. 

Red Flash dazzles year after year, quickly forming low thickets for a foliage frenzy unmatched in gardens, planters or indoor landscapes from spring into autumn. A favorite of designers worldwide seeking that “wow” factor, this flame-hued caladium takes tropical foliage glamor to a new level of pop.

6. Fannie Munson Caladium

Red Fannie Munson Caladium Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped
  • Specific Needs: Partial-shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Mealybugs, Aphids

Fannie Munson caladiums are known for their showy heart-shaped leaves. The leaves emerge cream or white with reddish pink veins and borders. As the season progresses the colors typically intensify to a bright red rim edged in pink, crimson or rose; the lush green center remains.

Fannie Munson caladiums thrive in gardening conditions that mimic their native habitat. They flourish in soil that remains consistently moist but well-draining. Afternoon shade is ideal, as too much direct sun can scorch the delicate leaves. In shadier spots, the leaves may become smaller but the vibrant color remains vibrant.

Like other caladium varieties, they may attract pests such as mealybugs or aphids when grown in direct sun or if the soil is allowed to dry out. Regular inspection allows for early detection and removal of pests before significant damage occurs. With ideal care, Fannie Munson caladiums produce a vibrant splash of color throughout the growing season.

7. Gingerland Caladium

Vibrant Gingerland Caladium Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Oval, Lance-shaped
  • Specific Needs: Partial sun, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Mealybugs, Spider mites

Gingerland caladiums boast colorful oval to lance-shaped leaves splashed with pink and green hues. The intricate leaf patterns vary between individual plants but often feature bright pink veins and flecks within an oval green center.

Gingerland caladiums thrive in gardening conditions that mimic their tropical habitat like other caladiums. They flourish with consistently moist, rich soil and a few hours of morning sun followed by afternoon shade. The combination brings out their vibrant colors without scorching delicate leaves. 

In shadier areas, the leaves maintain their intricate patterns but may become smaller. Common pests attracted to hot, dry conditions, like mealybugs and spider mites, can be managed by maintaining soil moisture. With ideal care, Gingerland caladiums provide a splash of tropical color throughout the growing season, brightening gardens and indoor spaces alike.

8. Carolyn Wharton

Carolyn Wharton Indoor Decoration Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Arrowhead shaped
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Root rot, Fungus

The Carolyn Wharton caladium produces large heart-shaped leaves splashed in cream and pink tones accented with deeper maroon veining. As the plant matures, more dark maroon pigment develops within its thick waxy foliage. Carolyn Wharton thrives in partial to full shade and consistently moist, humus-rich soil. It appreciates regular watering to prevent wilting as well as higher humidity levels. 

Various fungal issues and root rots can occur if conditions are suboptimal. Providing adequate drainage, spacing plants for good airflow, and removing infected leaves helps avoid pest and disease pressures. The stunning pale pink, cream, and maroon contrast that characterizes Carolyn Wharton creates an enchanting caladium texture that adds depth and dimension to shaded gardens and containers.

9. Red Ruffles

Red Ruffles Caladium Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Red coloring
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Fungal rots

The Red Head caladium produces bright red heart-shaped leaves with a darker red center and reddish veins. As it matures, plummy maroon undertones develop within its thick waxy foliage. Red Head thrives in partial to full shade and consistently moist, humus-rich soil. It prefers regular watering as well as higher humidity.

Leaf miners can burrow into leaves, while various fungal rots may attack if conditions are not optimal. Good airflow, adequate drainage, and removing infected leaves help avoid pest and disease pressures. The intense ruby red and plummy maroon blend of Red Head creates an almost electric caladium texture that adds depth, drama, and visual pop to shaded gardens and containers.

10. Desert Sunset

Desert Sunset Coppery Red Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Pink and green patterns
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Anthracnose

The Desert Sunset caladium leaves emerge coppery-red before developing eye-catching red/yellow/orange sunburst marbling as they mature. Lavender veining enhances the stunning color contrast. Desert Sunset prefers areas with partial to full shade and consistently moist soil conditions. It needs regular watering as well as higher humidity levels. 

Leaf miners can bore into foliage, while anthracnose fungal issues may occasionally develop if conditions are not optimal. Providing good air circulation, keeping the soil moist yet well-draining, and removing infected foliage reduces the chances of such pest problems.

The stunning sunburst marbling in copper, red, orange, and yellow, which characterizes Desert Sunset, creates a captivating caladium texture that adds depth, drama, and visual pop to shaded gardens and containers.

11. White Queen

White Queen Decor Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Arrowhead shaped
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Fungal spots

The White queen caladium produces large heart-shaped leaves splashed in pure white with minimal green veining and primary veins. As they mature, the leaves become mostly white with faint residual veining. White queen thrives in partially shaded areas with rich, consistently moist soil. It appreciates regular watering to prevent tissue collapse and wilting. 

Leaf miners can burrow into foliage, while various fungal issues and spots may also occur if conditions become unfavorable. Providing good airflow, keeping the soil moist yet well-draining, and removing infected leaves help curb such issues. The white, radiant foliage of White queen creates an ethereal caladium texture that contrasts light and shadow to shaded gardens and container displays.

12. Moonlight

Moonlight Splashed In Cream Green Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped, Cream white color
  • Specific Needs: Shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Leaf miners, Root rot

The Moonlight caladium produces heart-shaped leaves splashed in cream, green, and silver with minimal dark veining. As they mature, the leaves become nearly entirely cream, green, and silver for a reverse variegated appearance. Moonlight prefers partial to full shade and consistently moist, humus-rich soil. Regular watering prevents wilting, while higher humidity levels suit it best. 

Leaf miners can invade leaves, while various root rots may strike if conditions are suboptimal. Good drainage, spacing plants for airflow, and removing infected leaves help minimize problems. The stunning reverse variegated foliage of Moonlight creates an ethereal caladium texture that contrasts light and darkness in shaded gardens and pots.

13. White Wing Caladium

White Wing Caladium Plant America

🌱 Key Points
  • Growing Season: Spring, Fall
  • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped
  • Specific Needs: Partial-shade, Moist soil
  • Common Pests: Spider mites, Slugs

White Wing caladium varieties have elegantly heart-shaped leaves marked by contrasting white veins and margins. Some cultivars feature leaves entirely white in the center with a delicate green edge. Regardless of specific patterning, the leaves emerge from the soil pure white in color.

Like other caladiums, White Wing varieties thrive in conditions that provide rich, consistently moist soil and dappled shade. The delicate leaf tissues can scorch in too much direct sun. Keeping the soil moist prevents wilting and oozing or brown leaf edges. Spider mites may target dry, stressed plants, while slugs may damage emerging leaves.

With adequate hydration and shade, White Wing caladiums maintain their pristine white coloring throughout the growing season. Their finely-detailed leaves brighten shaded gardens and indoor spaces. Careful attention helps these caladiums flourish and exhibit their unique beauty for many months.

Conclusion

Caladiums offer stunningly colored heart-shaped leaves in shades of red, pink, orange, purple, and white.

  • The Bubblegum Pink caladium has heart-shaped leaves featuring a bright pink coloring with pale pink veining.
  • The Gingerland caladium variety features prominently veined oval or lance-shaped leaves displaying splashes of pink shades amidst a green backdrop.
  • The Fannie Munson caladium has distinctive heart-shaped leaves marked by creamy veins within a bright pink border surrounding a green center.

Whether you choose just one vibrant variety or a few contrasting types, caladiums will surely become a highlight of your shaded garden nooks and crannies all spring, summer, and fall. Their wonderful shades and speckled patterns will bring you joy for months as you reflect on how simple caladiums enriched your living spaces with gorgeous hues and covetable texture.

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