Maintaining the Jade Bonsai Plant PlantamericaHow do bonsai trees stay small is a question of interest as the bonsai is known for their dwarf appearance and beautiful foliage, look amazing.

Techniques for Keeping Trees Miniature Plantamerica

They are a symbol of aesthetics and aristocracy in indoor and outdoor spaces, but have you ever wondered what techniques bonsai experts apply to keep the tree and its leaves in such a miniature form?

We have all the answers for you to know and appreciate Bonsai trees.

How Do Bonsai Trees Stay Small?

⚡️ Bonsai trees stay small through the pruning techniques applied by gardeners. In addition, using smaller pots manipulates the growing techniques of these trees to make them smaller. As you begin to bind them with wires and limit their growing ability, the trees will remain small. 


As gardeners give shape to the bonsais using wires, it stresses out the tree. So, its growth hormone release becomes slower, which results in its smaller size. Hence, its unique constrictor technique is responsible for maintaining the dwarfism of the bonsais. 


– Use of Smaller Pots

The smaller pots used for bonsai cultivation are the primary reason bonsais stay so small. Seeing the large tree species fitting inside such a tiny space seems magical. Well, the magician is none but the pot itself. The pot confines the root and stops its expansion.

Usually, bonsai trees, such as juniper, pine, and Canadian maple trees, have large sizes. Their width and length can be overwhelming, but have you seen the pots used for their bonsais? The pot is not even 1/100 part of the original width and length of the natural bonsai trees. Moreover, the pots are shallower than those used for indoor plants.

Role of Small Pots in Bonsai Maintenance Plantamerica

Hence, the smaller and shallower pots control and stop the unrestricted growth of the bonsais. The strong base and wall of the pot will trap and restrict the bonsai roots from growing freely. Thus, within a couple of months, the roots get trapped and stop spreading like their natural habitats.

As a result, the tree won’t get as big as it does in its usual conditions. The easiest way to determine it is to plant bonsais in nutrient-rich soil. It will start growing within a couple of months there.

– Special Pruning Technique

Talking about the dwarfism of the bonsai, pruning is responsible for the size, too. Usually, gardeners follow two pruning techniques for these little trees, structural pruning, and root pruning.

Bonsai experts will apply special pruning techniques to stunt the natural growth of bonsai. As the bonsai tree grows, people regularly prune and trim the branches and foliage. Thus, we will only see proper growth of the bonsai year after year, which means that if you want to see it get smaller, it will not; on the contrary, it will get much bigger and bushier.

Typically, like all trees, the bonsai plant grows in the summertime with enough nutrients and water. So, the tree starts exfoliating and may become bigger. At this moment, bonsai growers start pruning the trees. It may include different pruning mechanisms.

First, you must begin by choosing light pruning, which helps maintain the size and shape of the tree in desired conditions. The gardener will typically trim the branches and foliage, and consequently, the tree appears as it was a year ago.

On the other hand, when you aim for some heavy pruning, it may include cutting the tree branches to give the bonsai their perfect shape. An expert bonsai artist will play with different structures and shapes to give the tree small and unique looks. It is more known as structural pruning.

– Binding by Wiring

You may have seen robust wiring connecting the different trunks and branches of bonsais. These wirings are secured with a stronger base. Bonsai artists usually use wires to bend the trunk and branches of their bonsais in their favorite and desired shape.

Power of Wiring for Branch Training Plantamerica

As the wiring continues for many years, it tortures the tree, so, small bonsai trees will be under extreme stress. The stress affects their natural growth hormone release procedure. 

As the wiring gets more robust, the tree starts releasing the hormone growth even slower. When it continues for years, the tree loses its growing energy. Henceforth, the wiring also limits the growth rate of the bonsai plant. The presence of the tiniest pots, continuous pruning, and binding the tree branches with solid wires help gardeners maintain the small size of their trees.

– Defoliation Mechanism

You may wonder how the bonsai trees’ small leaves become so small. What techniques do bonsai artists apply to maintain the smaller size of the leaves? Well, the answer lies in the pruning technique of the leaves.

Of course, experts don’t cut off the leaves directly from the branches every day. Instead, they will use a defoliation mechanism to keep the foliage limited. During the growing season of the different species, gardeners will defoliate all or most leaves of the bonsai. As people defoliate the leaves, the tree starts growing newer leaves.

However, there’s a catch to this defoliation and root pruning technique. In the following season, the leaves will grow in their natural size. It suggests that defoliation only has a temporary effect on the bonsai leaves.

Henceforth, bonsai artists and exhibitionists will apply the defoliation mechanism on special occasions.

Nonetheless, the recent leaves will be much smaller as they lack soil nutrients. Usually, bonsai growers will cut off the bonsai stem from the connecting branch. As they continue the process for many years, the leaves slowly keep getting smaller and smaller.

– Root Pruning

If you get a bonsai at home, you must defoliate it each year to maintain the perfect shape and look. Root pruning happens at the root of the bonsai. Typically, the gardener will trim the roots to keep them within the pot. As it happens, it slowly restrains the growth rate of the bonsai and its roots. As a result, eventually, it will stop expanding.

Implementing Root Pruning Techniques Plantamerica

Besides, gardeners often seek the help of routine pruning for daily tree maintenance. During the pruning, gardeners will defoliate the plant. So, the larger leaves eventually start growing smaller.

Also, root pruning works too in dwarfing the leaf sizes. Through root pruning, these trees get trapped, affecting the overall growth, including the leaves. Plus, the lack of nutrients in the soil will further restrict the leaves from growing at their standard size.

– Soil and Water Requirements

The soil needs to have maximum drainage. You can add perlite, stones, volcanic rocks, and pumice to improve the soil structure and drainage. It also improves the air quality in the soil. Plus, add clay to boost the water-holding ability of the soil.

For watering, you must saturate the bonsai root. Since each species have different water requirements, maintain it individually. As you water the bonsais, look for overwatering cycles such as leaves yellowing, damaged stems, and so on.


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