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What you need:
  • Compost
  • Garden fork or similar cultivating tool
  • Rake
Use a spade to spread at least 4 inches of compost evenly over the surface of the soil. It's very important to first cultivate the soil either with a rototiller or a hand cultivator.
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Fork in the compost, mixing it thoroughly with the surrounding soil to a depth of about eight inches.
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After the compost is sufficiently mixed in, rake the soil surface to a fine tilth.