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What you need:
  • Container grown peony
  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Mulch
Peonies are very long-lived perennials that may take a while to re-establish if transplanted. Try to select a permanent spot where they may flourish for many years.
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Fall is the best time to plant bareroot peonies, but well-rooted plants in containers can be planted in spring. Pick a location with at least 6 hours of sunlight and rich, well-drained soil. In the South, some afternoon shade is preferable.
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Dig a large hole, at least 15" deep and 20" wide, or twice as deep and wide as the container. Save this soil to fill in around the root ball.
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If the soil is poor, add aged compost to the saved soil for a backfilling mix. Use this to make a firm layer under the plant and to fill in around the sides.
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Proper depth is extremely important. Peonies may fail to bloom if planted too deep. The crown of the plant with its new buds, or "eyes," should be covered with no more than 2" of soil.
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Water well when finished. Do not allow the plant to dry out through the growing season. A layer of mulch will help retain soil moisture.