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What you need:
  • Hoe
  • Mulch
  • Pre-emergent herbicide

Unwanted seedlings are a big nuisance in a garden, whether the plants are common weeds like purslane or crabgrass, baby trees or shrubs, or garden plants that have self-sown. Where there is one weed seedling, there are likely to be more.
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When seedlings appear, eliminate them promptly by pulling them out or cutting them off with a hoe or weeding tool.
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Never let a weedy plant go to seed in a bed! When you find a weed bearing ripe seeds, put it in the trash. Putting it in the compost pile will simply spread weed seeds along with the compost later.
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Weed seeds need light to germinate and are most troublesome on open soil. Covering the soil with mulch helps reduce the number of weed seedlings.
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A bed filled with dense groundcover or closely spaced plants typically experiences a reduced number of weed seedlings.
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Pre-emergent herbicides are designed to keep weed seeds from germinating and growing. These chemicals only work if used exactly as directed, so read the label.