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Orchid flower spike development starts with flower spike initiation. Look closely at the base of the plant or in the sections between the leaves for this developing spike. Be very careful not to damage it when watering or moving the plant.
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The spike will then start to elongate. It will grow toward the light so trput the orchid in an area that has uniform light. This will allow it to grow straight up rather than off to the side.
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When the spike gets taller, it will need to be staked. Soon the flower buds along the spike will start to swell.
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Finally the blooms start to open up in their full glory. Some orchid flowers start to open upside down and then turn 180 degrees to right themselves. To keep the flowers in the best condition for the longest time, place the blooming plant in filtered bright light. The orchid should be kept in a place that is slightly cooler than your normal growing area.