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What you need:
  • Plastic pot
  • Medium grade fir bark
  • Charcoal
Paphiopedilums should be repotted about once every couple years, whenever a plant has outgrown its pot or the medium has decomposed.
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If the plant has less than four growths, it is usually best to avoid dividing the plant. To do so will reduce its vigor.
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Some of the most spectacular "Paphs" are those that are potted on and not divided for many years. By simply repotting a Paphiopedilum rather than dividing it, you will end up with a larger plant.
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Plastic pots are usually preferred over clay pots for Lady Slippers because they retain moisture. The pot you choose should be one size larger than the pot the orchid is currently in. Do not over pot; it's easy to overwater an orchid that is in too large a pot.
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To transplant the orchid: knock the plant out of its pot, shake off the old potting media, and remove any dead or damaged roots.
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With your hands, break the rhizome where you want the division to occur. Next, tease apart the intertwined roots.
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Place the plant in the center of the pots. Pour the potting mix around the roots. Then firm the media around the roots with your thumbs. Medium grade fir bark and a little charcoal work well as a potting mix. Water the plant thoroughly after repotting.