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Miltonias or Pansy Face Orchids are charming plants with richly colored flowers. These orchids have modest light requirements. Place them in a bright window, usually with an eastern exposure. Do not put them in an area with direct sunlight. They will perform well under bright fluorescent lights.
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A humidity range of 55-70% is ideal. You can attain this by growing the plants on a bed of damp sphagnum moss or on a pebble tray. Miltonias prefer the same room temperatures as we do. Daytime temperatures of 70 to 80 degrees F. are optimal. Nighttime temperatures should not drop below 60 degrees F.
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Miltonias do not have water storing pseudobulbs. They need to be kept constantly moist but not soggy. This usually means watering about once every 3-5 days during the summer and about half as often during the winter. Helpful hint: new foliage will appear 'pleated' if too dry. Allow the foliage to dry before nighttime to prevent crown rot.
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Any water soluble high nitrogen fertilizer recommended for orchids is suitable for Miltonias. For information on the frequency and application rates, read the label on the fertilizer container. Miltonias have sensitive roots; it is important to flush the potting material with fresh water once a month to prevent any buildup of fertilizer salts.
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Miltonias should be repotted every 2-3 years. Fine and medium grade fir bark with various additives like charcoal, and sphagnum moss make a good growing medium. Any terrestrial orchid potting mixes are suitable as well. The procedure for potting Miltonias is similar to that of Paphiopedilums.